- Andrew Marvell — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2
- Derek Hirst and Steven N. Zwicker
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Though a professor of literature, he will carry the historians with him most of the way. In fact the historical map he offers has a clearer outline than the literary one. The first, published in , was an astonishing feat of pioneering excavation, written outside the critical mainstream and almost out of the blue, by the Frenchman Pierre Legouis.
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He translated it into English only in , and then in a heavily abbreviated edition. He complained that his compositions can pall, especially the longer ones, which, in verse and prose alike, accumulate rather than cohere. It was to secure literary immortality. Most 20th-century critics would have axiomatically concurred. In their opposite ways the political worship of Marvell before , and the aesthetic worship of him after it, were anaesthetising impulses. It missed his agitated political manoeuvres, his sense of the limits of the possible, his compromises with the necessary.
He risked charges of seditious libel, even of treason, and feared assassination. His political patrons went to the Tower.
His most influential tract, the furtively published An Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government , in , would surely have led to his own arrest had he not died later in the year. To assail them he turned, as Marvell would do in the last six years of his life, from verse to pamphleteering. For two decades, through most of the Puritan upheaval, Milton set his highest poetic ambitions aside. To Milton and Marvell writing was a social and political instrument. Sometimes it had to meet immediate needs of persuasion. In neither religion nor politics was Marvell as radical as Milton.
His adversaries, using standard smears, said so too. In , under Richard Cromwell, Marvell obtained his parliamentary seat as a court nominee sent from Whitehall to defeat a powerful republican candidate. Public opinion had associated the principle of free conscience with Puritan sectarianism. It was not the restoration of monarchy that distressed him but what followed it. The return of kingship brought back the institutional norms, but the political frenzy persisted. The issues that had provoked civil war endured, and the divisions over them, instead of healing, were exacerbated by grievance and revenge.
A sense of degeneration and dislocation seeped through the body politic. The Restoration Marvell wrote more about religion than about politics. Nothing distressed him more than the defeat of the royal policy of toleration and the consequent polarisation of religious conflict.
Andrew Marvell — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2
Or anyway for Protestant beliefs: Marvell had mixed feelings about toleration for Catholicism, a religion associated in his as in most Protestant minds with tyranny in church and state. He wanted no mercy for treasonous Catholic priests. In the late s he was angry — vengefully angry — on behalf of defeated royalists who suffered under intolerant Presbyterian rule. From he befriended Nonconformists who endured intolerant Anglican rule. He was never one of them. The ceremonialism of the Church of England, idolatrous in their eyes, was in his merely unnecessary. He disliked the rigidities of Puritan doctrine.
A broad-church, low-church Anglicanism would have suited him. His theological heroes were the latitudinarian Anglicans of the Great Tew circle of the s, for whom the essential truths of Christianity were few and simple, and for whom faith was the ally of reason, charity, civility. Smith, foreshadowed by Legouis, suggests that late in life Marvell moved from Puritanism towards freethinking or deism, but the point is not proven.
Keenly and at times belligerently he recommended the pan-Protestant foreign policy which Cromwell aimed at Catholic Spain and which Marvell wanted Charles II to launch against Catholic France. He did indeed hate oppression in the state as in the church.
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There could, he said, be no healthy government without free and frequent parliaments. Now it was its capacity to corrupt it. In the Restoration his wording underwent one of its characteristic reversals. In all this he established the credentials that, together with his arguments for toleration, would earn his adulation by Whig posterity.
Yet there was a transparent practical problem. If corruption had rendered Parliament impotent, what point was there in seeking reform or toleration through it? Under personal monarchy, hopes for change must begin not with Parliament but with the royal person. Its attainment required not more parliamentary power but less. The king needed to be free of the ministers who controlled and corrupted MPs and who, with that following, curbed the crown. The choice between monarchical power and monarchical limitation was not normally so stark.
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Again with others, Marvell was repeatedly caught between them. Amid the bottomless complexities of court politics, shifts of royal favour induced alternate hope and fear among the tolerationists.
Consistent in his ends, he veered in his means. At one moment he claims that the representative function of the Commons entitles it to greater influence than the Lords: at another, in the cause of toleration, he allies with peers in the hope of outflanking the Commons.
But Smith, who presses the hypothesis resourcefully, sees where the evidence falls tantalisingly short of proof. So many hypotheses about Marvell do.
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His mind was not new to opposing political imperatives. A much-loved poet, a compelling controversialist, and once famous as a member of Parliament, Marvell's intersecting careers are explored in detail. His biography is transformed with wide reference to print and manuscript sources, many of which find description for the first time. In this fully documented study, the new life-records are integrated with an extensive review of previous scholarship, supplying the first fresh synthesis in seventy-five years of all-known Marvell materials. Images of Marvell's daily life at home and abroad are intertwined with records of his long career as state servant and parliamentarian.
Creating new contexts for Marvell's poetry and prose, this essential scholarly resource offers an often-lively biographical portrait of this fascinating seventeenth-century writer. The prose works of Andrew Marvell by Andrew Marvell Book 2 editions published between and in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Andrew Marvell is best known today as the author of a handful of exquisite lyrics and provocative political poems.
In his own time, however, Marvell was famous for his brilliant prose interventions in the major issues of the Restoration, religious toleration, and what he called arbitrary as distinct from parliamentary government.
This is the first modern edition of all Marvell's prose pamphlets, complete with introductions and annotation explaining the historical context. Four major scholars of the Restoration era have collaborated to produce this truly Anglo-American edition. Milton's History of Britain in its historical context by Nicholas Von Maltzahn Book 4 editions published between and in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The prose works of Andrew Marvell by Andrew Marvell Book 1 edition published in in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Andrew Marvell is best known to us as the author of a handful of exquisite lyrics and provocative political poems.
In his own time, however, Marvell was famous for his brilliant prose interventions in the major issues of the Restoration, religious toleration and what he called "arbitrary" as distinct from parliamentary government. This is a modern edition of all Marvell's prose pamphlets, complete with introductions and annotation explaining the historical context. From the "Rehearsal Transpros'd", a serio-comic best-seller which appeared with tacit permission from Charles II himself to the documentary "Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government", Marvell established himself not only as a model of liberal thought for the 18th century but also as an irresistible new voice in political polemic - and he was wittier, more literary and hence more readable than his contemporaries.
Joseph Brodsky : poet between empires Visual 1 edition published in in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide Introduces the life and work of Russian-American poet and Nobel laureate Joseph Brodsky.